米甸人就是以實瑪利人?

米甸人是亞伯拉罕再娶後所生的其中一個兒子,而以實瑪利則是埃及人夏甲為他生的第一個兒子,可是在創世記 37:23-28 及 士師記 8:22-28 中卻將兩族人說成是同一族人。

或許兩族人是同往在一個地方,所以會用本族或居住地來稱呼,因而出現這問題。

聖經之所以被人感覺難讀,是因為有不少類矛盾的方。若只是順着章節來讀,很難會察覺得到,因而感覺混淆甚至混亂。

看不明白,便抱隨便看過便是,不求甚解;又或是索性不去看。這是很多信徒的弊病。

 

參考經文:

創世記 16:15

後來夏甲給亞伯蘭生了一個兒子.亞伯蘭給他起名叫以實瑪利

創世記 25:1-2

  1. 亞伯拉罕又娶了一妻、名叫基土拉、
  2. 基土拉給他生了心蘭、約珊、米但、米甸、伊施巴、和書亞。

創世記 37:23-28

  1. 約瑟到了他哥哥們那裡、他們就剝了他的外衣、就是他穿的那件彩衣.
  2. 把他丟在坑裡.那坑是空的、裡頭沒有水。
  3. 他們坐下喫飯、舉目觀看、見有一夥米甸以實瑪利人、從基列來、用駱駝馱著香料、乳香、沒藥、要帶下埃及去。
  4. 猶大對眾弟兄說、我們殺我們的兄弟、藏了他的血、有甚麼益處呢。
  5. 我們不如將他賣給以實瑪利人、不可下手害他、因為他是我們的兄弟、我們的骨肉.眾弟兄就聽從了他。
  6. 有些米甸的商人、從那裡經過、哥哥們就把約瑟從坑裡拉上來、講定二十舍客勒銀子、把約瑟賣給以實瑪利人.他們就把約瑟帶到埃及去了。

士師記 8:22-28

  1. 以色列人對基甸說、你既救我們脫離米甸人的手、願你和你的兒孫管理我們。
  2. 基甸說、我不管理你們、我的兒子也不管理你們.惟有耶和華管理你們。
  3. 基甸又對他們說、我有一件事求你們.請你們各人將所奪的耳環給我.原來仇敵是以實瑪利人、都是戴金耳環的。
  4. 他們說、我們情願給你.就鋪開一件外衣、各人將所奪的耳環丟在其上。
  5. 基甸所要出來的金耳環、重一千七百舍客勒金子.此外還有米甸王所戴的月環、耳墜、和所穿的紫色衣服、並駱駝項上的金鍊子。
  6. 基甸以此製造了一個以弗得、設立在本城俄弗拉.後來以色列人拜那以弗得行了邪淫.這就作了基甸和他全家的網羅。
  7. 這樣、米甸人被以色列人制伏了、不敢再抬頭.基甸還在的日子國中太平四十年。

Judges 8:22-28 (NIV)

  1. The Israelites said to Gideon, “Rule over us–you, your son and your grandson–because you have saved us out of the hand of Midian.”
  2. But Gideon told them, “I will not rule over you, nor will my son rule over you. The LORD will rule over you.”
  3. And he said, “I do have one request, that each of you give me an earring from your share of the plunder.” (It was the custom of the Ishmaelites to wear gold earrings.)
  4. They answered, “We’ll be glad to give them.” So they spread out a garment, and each man threw a ring from his plunder onto it.
  5. The weight of the gold rings he asked for came to seventeen hundred shekels, not counting the ornaments, the pendants and the purple garments worn by the kings of Midian or the chains that were on their camels’ necks.
  6. Gideon made the gold into an ephod, which he placed in Ophrah, his town. All Israel prostituted themselves by worshiping it there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his family.
  7. Thus Midian was subdued before the Israelites and did not raise its head again. During Gideon’s lifetime, the land enjoyed peace forty years.

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