猶太人,撒瑪利亞人

別以南國北國分裂後,居住在南國的以色列人便被稱為猶太人,聖經首次用猶太人的記載是在以斯拉記開始 (以斯拉記 4:12),是南北國都已經亡國,被擄歸回之後。

當時是波斯王批准一羣被擄多年的以色列人回耶路撒冷去參與重建聖殿,約為公元前 530 年。這羣愛神的人首次被稱為猶太人。

那麼撒瑪利亞人又在何時出現呢?

在英文 NIV 譯本中就更遲,要到新馬太福音了。

 

註:以英文 Jews 及 Samaritans 在 NIV 聖經為參考。

Ezra 4:12
The king should know that the Jews who came up to us from you have gone to Jerusalem and are rebuilding that rebellious and wicked city. They are restoring the walls and repairing the foundations.

以斯拉記 4:12
王該知道、從王那裡上到我們這裡的猶大人、已經到耶路撒冷重建這反叛惡劣的城、築立根基、建造城牆。

2 Kings 17:29
Nevertheless, each national group made its own gods in the several towns where they settled, and set them up in the shrines the people of Samaria had made at the high places.

列王記下 17:29
然而各族之人在所住的城裡、各為自己製造神像、安置在撒瑪利亞人所造有邱壇的殿中。

Matthew 10:5
These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: “Do not go among the Gentiles or enter any town of the Samaritans.

馬太福音 10:5
耶穌差這十二個人去、吩咐他們說、外邦人的路、你們不要走.撒瑪利亞人的城、你們不要進.

 

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